Dr. Kate Papp

Veterinarian Dr. Kate Papp is one of those people whose brain is always on overdrive, as if it has its own direct infusion of caffeine. She sometimes has to gulp for air mid-sentence because although she speaks fast, it isn’t fast enough to get one thought out before another one breaks through. She frequently wakes up at three in the morning, flipping on the light to scribble down thoughts and questions about her most difficult cases.

Based in Pennsylvania, Papp has her own veterinary practice specializing in orthopedics and also runs a non-profit called Pennsylvania Racehorse Rehoming, Rehabilitation and Rescue (PARR). With one foot on the racetrack and one in the rescue world, Papp is unusual in the realm of track veterinarians.

“I tell everyone who calls me for the first time I only work for people who actually like their horses,” she said. “They’re usually stunned.”

Papp is a polarizing figure and she knows it. She makes no apologies about being outspoken (or as she often puts it, “crazy”) when it comes to welfare and safety issues, which has sometimes gotten her in trouble. If she sees what she perceives as negligence or abuse on the part of racing officials, horsemen, or other veterinarians, she has no qualms about calling them out – often with colorful language – on her social media, where she has accumulated an impressive number of followers. In 2014, Penn National tried to serve Papp with a five-year ban because of statements she made at the track and on Facebook regarding the death of Bees in My Bonnet in the paddock. She had a history of verbal altercations with other licensees stemming from disputes over their treatment of horses. The Pennsylvania Horse Racing Commission put Papp on notice for her behavior but determined she could not be banned from track property due to her speech. (She has since repaired her relationship with the commission and routinely consults on issues of safety and welfare.)

Also in 2014, Papp was interviewed for an NBC News story about the medication overuse she saw in her early days practicing in the Thoroughbred business. In 2012, she was a witness in front of a U.S. House of Representatives subcommittee hearing on racing integrity. She told the subcommittee “it is not uncommon for me to see, on race day, a practitioner enter a stall in one of the private barns or the detention barn with three to ten syringes full of medication.”

This, years before the federal investigation of trainers for allegedly altering medical records to hide the use of therapeutic medications on race day.

“I’m no different now than I was then. I’m still abrasive. But you know what? I try to be quiet and do everything the right way first. It doesn’t always work,” she said. “I haven’t changed and I don’t plan on changing.”

It might be easy to think Papp hates horse racing, especially given the harsh criticisms she still lobs at the business. Papp’s Facebook page attracts pro-racing enthusiasts, who come to defend the sport, and anti-racing advocates who expect to find an ally in her and are sometimes bitterly disappointed. She accepts friend requests from all  and listens to everyone (one of many reasons, perhaps, her brain is always humming). For Papp, the sport is neither full of angels or devils. It’s more complicated than that.

“I never believed in racing when I was younger,” she admits now. “If you’d told me horses actually liked being at the track I wouldn’t have believed it until I saw it myself. That taught me you could do it right, that some horses actually enjoy it, that it isn’t actually cruel if you do it right.”

Papp grew up in New Jersey, crazy about animals for as long as she can remember. Her parents introduced her to horses and paid dearly for it, gradually capitulating to her pleas for a horse to lease, then one of her own, then two. By the time she completed prep school and went to the University of Vermont at the age of 16, she was showing hunter/jumpers on the weekends and riding with nationally-recognized trainers. She paid for an off-campus parking space at a local gas station to enable a quick exit at the end of the school day so she could get back to the barn to train. She went on to the University of Guelph veterinary school in Ontario, taking classes during the week and flying down to Florida on winter weekends to show.

Somewhere around this time, Papp said she developed a near-photographic memory and the ability to skate by on little sleep – skills that come in handy today.

When she graduated, Papp spent 18 months at Fair Hill working for Dr. Kathy Anderson before going out on her own. She followed a boyfriend to Pennsylvania and was hired by veterinarians to give Lasix at Penn National, which is where she said she saw as many as 20 shots given at Lasix time.

Papp at work on a cat

Her motivation throughout those years (which were also peppered by late night and early morning shifts at part-time jobs) was always an intense, protective love of animals. It is this love which fuels most everything she does these days.

During the most recent convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners, Papp confided she imagined being named among the presenters there, offering new research on the latest treatment for injuries or surgical findings. Instead, she splits her time between her practice, where she handles racehorses and sport horses, and Pennsylvania Racehorse Rehoming, Rehabilitation, and Rescue (PARR), a 501(c)(3) nonprofit launched in 2012.

As a veterinarian, Papp prides herself on remaining in close communication with her clients. Her specialties are lameness diagnosis and second/third opinions on tough cases. She fields questions from clients (and non-clients) round the clock. As far as she’s concerned, education is part of her responsibility – even if it means putting in a lot of consulting time with no paycheck.

“I tell them, ‘I’d much rather have you call me every day with something stupid and prevent a problem than wait until your horse has been down for three days and is dehydrated and it’s a problem I can’t fix,’” she said.

Her most puzzling cases are her favorite. There was the off-track gelding whose trainer requested he be put down due to a lingering knee problem. When Papp could find no serious problems in the knee, she pulled up video of his most recent starts and watched as he hopped coming out of the gate, slamming his elbow on the metal before bobbling off. He had repeatedly hit his radial nerve, she realized – a similar sensation to a human hitting their funny bone – which had caused lingering pain. She rehabilitated him.

Then there was the rescue mare with massive behavior problems who bolted one afternoon, tearing up an expensive bridle. After careful observation, she x-rayed the mare’s muzzle and found an old fracture of the nasal bone which had calloused in just the spot for a noseband to rub. She worked her in open headstalls and regained her trust.

This interest in a veterinary mystery makes Papp the ideal call when a horse is in trouble. Through PARR, 250 horses have found adoptive or foster homes, and Papp has several lifelong retirees/special needs cases on her property at any given time.

Dr. Kate Papp


Of course, both animal rescue and veterinary medicine are known to be high-stress, high-burnout fields. Papp admits she’s still trying to find a balance. A combination of meditation and noise-cancelling earbuds eases her sleep and she occasionally allows herself a weekend to crash.

“Sometimes I’ll have a really busy, hard week and then I’ll stay in bed for three days,” she said. “I’ve tried to start meditating. I’m not very good at it. I’ve become an audiobook addict so I can at least distract myself. But I don’t think I’m capable of burning out. I think I’m capable of becoming emotionally exhausted.”

That’s because burnout is permanent, and Papp has too many problems to tackle to walk away now. She wants more attention and research into on-track injury prevention. She’s trying to figure out how to take more horses out of the slaughter pipeline. She’s workshopping one of the first Thoroughbred retirement accounts for a yearling she bred. She’s pushing for whip rule reform.

“There’s so much more to do and it’s unfortunate,” she sighed.

“I want to save the world. I really mean that.”


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